“A critical view would question whether most of our important and emerging topics are so amenable to existing theory, and whether a general and stable form of knowledge is both possible and productive in transforming our view about the topic. Perhaps new phenomena, or even old phenomena for that matter, require a break from established and existing theory in order to produce the greatest transformation in our collective thinking at any given time.” - Constantinides, P., Chiasson, M.W. & Introna, L.D., 2012. The Ends of Information Systems Research: A Pragmatic Framework. Management Information Systems Quarterly, 36(1), pp.1–20., p. 8.
The “various deployments of the notion of leadership are not mere distractions from the important matter of exerting influence to achieve collective goals…they simultaneously fulfill a number of utilitarian, symbolic, emotional, and commercial functions.” - Guthey, E. (In Press), The Cultural Production of Leadership Fashions and Trends.
“For us, the experimental paradigm constitutes a heroic failure, promising so much and yet ending up in ironic anticlimax. The underlying logic (as above) seems meticulous, clear-headed and militarily precise, and yet findings seem to emerge in a typically non-cumulative, low-impact, prone-to-equivocation sort of way.” - Pawson, R. & Tilley, N., 1997. Realistic Evaluation, London: Sage Publications., p. 8.
“The basic task of social inquiry is to explain interesting, puzzling, socially significant regularities (R). Explanation takes the form of positing some underlying mechanism (M)which generates the regularity and thus consists of propositions about how the interplay between structure and agency has constituted the regularity. Within realist investigation there is also investigation of how the workings of such mechanisms are contingent and conditional, and thus only fired in particular local, historical or institutional contexts (C).” - ibid., p. 71
“As used by Franz Brentano and then Husserl, ‘intentionality’ names the fact that mental states such as perceiving, believing, desiring, fearing, and intending in its ordinary sense are always about something, that is, directed at some object under some description, whether that extramental object exists or not.” - Dreyfus, H.L., 1991. Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger’s Being and Time, Division I, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press., p. 48
“Things, in short, disclose a world. When somebody uses a tool or piece of equipment, a referential structure comes about in which the object produced, the material out of which it is made, the future user, and the environment in which it has a place are related to each other. But that this is so, according to Heidegger, generally appears only when a handy or ready-to-hand tool or piece of equipment breaks down. When this happens, the tool suddenly demands attention for itself. The reliable dealings we are used to having with the tool are ruptured, and instead of withdrawing from our attention the tool suddenly forces itself upon us. Someone sits at a word processor focused on the text at hand and all of a sudden the computer freezes. The trustworthy world that developed around the computer-the open books, the keyboard, the screen, the cup of coffee; in short, the entire mutually referring network that Heidegger calls a world-is abruptly destroyed. The computer changes over from being one of the handy or ready-to-hand objects that shape this world to what Heidegger calls something vorhanden: ‘objectively present’ in the newer translation, or ‘present-at-hand’ in the older. Its transparency is transformed into opacity. The computer no longer can be conveniently utilized in the practice of writing, but abruptly demands interaction with itself. The relation with the world around the computer that took place ‘through’ it is disturbed. Only when it starts up again and everything works without a hitch is the world that was destroyed again restored.” - Verbeek, P.-P., 2005. What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections on Technology, Agency, and Design, University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press., p. 79-80